Top ten automakers in world
Global industry status: Germany is birthplace of modern cars in world and country with longest history of car production. Since Karl Benz invented first automobile in 1886, German automotive industry has gone through over 120 years of development. The development of German automotive industry, like other countries of world, has gone through four stages: "inventive experiment", "continuous improvement", "rapid development" and "wide use of high technology". And development of each stage has always been closely connected with major events in political, economic, social and cultural spheres of Germany.
It is worth noting that Germany is inventor of global car, inventor of global highway and only country in world where there is no speed limit! Germany strives for excellence in speed and technology, and German mechanical prowess is world's benchmark.
In 1870s, when second wave of industrial revolution was rising in West, Germans took advantage of decades after unification of Second German Empire in 1871 and at end of 19th it took British over 100 years to make Germany one of world's industrial powers. Previously, Germany was in previous global car quality ranking, and German company Porsche topped list.
Prominent features of German cars: 1. Good texture, rich equipment, looks expensive and elegant. 2. German cars have a strong business atmosphere. The appearance of German car is calm and atmospheric. 3. Advanced technology. For example, turbocharging technology, dual clutch transmission technology, etc. are all German cars that have started to flourish. 4. German cars have a long history of development, especially in field of traditional engines and other technologies, with enough experience and advantages. 5. The design of German cars is more rigorous and scientific, and quality is more reliable. 6. Good performance and manageability. Especially at high speeds. Of course, German cars do not have all advantages, but there are also disadvantages. The three main German luxury brands BBA (Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi) are known all over world.
Famous German car brands:
Benz: Mercedes-Benz is a world-famous German automotive brand founded in 1900 and headquartered in Stuttgart, founded by Karl Benz and Gotli Gottlieb Daimler. Mercedes-Benz is famous for its high quality and high performance automotive products. In addition to luxury luxury cars, Mercedes-Benz is also most famous manufacturer of buses and heavy trucks in world. On December 22, 1900, Daimler Motor Company (DMG) introduced world's first car, Mercedes-Benz, which has become a model for automotive industry. Its brand logo has become one of most famous automotive brand logos in world. For over 100 years, Mercedes-Benz brand has been a pioneer in innovation in automotive technology. On January 29, 1886, two Germans, Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler, received a patent for world's first automobile, marking birth of world's first automobile.
BMW: is known for producing luxury cars, motorcycles and high performance engines. BMW is a world famous automotive company that, like Mercedes-Benz, does not pursue goal of expanding production of cars, but only produces high-quality, high-performance cars of highest level. The hallmarks of BMW are exquisite interior, excellent handling, rich power, comfortable ride and beautiful appearance. The German luxury racing car brand guarantees impeccable stability at high speeds and comfort in every car.
Audi. Audi is a world famous car designer and manufacturer. The company was founded in 1898. Its logo is four rings, which means union of four automotive brands. As a world famous luxury car brand, representing high technology level, quality standards, innovative ability and classic car style, Audi is one of most successful car brands in world. The company headquarters is located in Ingolstadt, Germany.
Volkswagen: Volkswagen (Volkswagen in German) is an automotive company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Germany, and parent company of Volkswagen Group, one of world's four largest car manufacturers.
Porsche: Porsche is a German automotive brand. Founded by Ferdinand Porsche and best known for making expensive supercars, Porsche Sports Cars is now also entering SUV market. Ferdinand Porsche was also design engineer for first Volkswagen product. Porsche is one of most famous sports car brands in world, combining luxurious bodywork with great performance. Its sports car design style is more classic and conservative, without modern charm of a Ferrari. All 911s and Boxsters feature a rear-mounted boxer six-cylinder engine, most important feature of Porsche sports cars. It is said that 70% of all Porsche cars produced since 1948 are still in use today.
Global Industry Status. The United States is considered country on wheels of world, and its car penetration rate ranks first in world. Every 100 people once owned an average of over 80 cars. Already in 2007, there were more than 250 million cars in United States, and every year United States sold about 17 million new cars. This is largest car market in world, so United States is most important and most competitive. place in global automotive industry.
At end of 19th century, US economy reached a relatively high level, and industrial production began to reach forefront of world, especially development of metallurgical and petrochemical industries created conditions for automobile industry. For example, seven years after Henry Ford invented world's first gasoline-powered automobile in 1893, mass production of automobiles began and mankind entered automobile era. Oldsmobile Motor Company, founded in 1887, is oldest automobile manufacturer in United States. The Doctor Coupe, launched by company in 1903, was a single-cylinder engine car and company's first mass-produced car.
Ever since Henry Ford invented Model T car and first assembly line method in 1907, after a long period of competition and mergers, American automobile industry has been completely controlled by three large automobile companies. which are General Motors Corporation, Ford Motor Company and Chrysler Motor Company. The total sales of these three giants in 1993 amounted to about US$285.7 billion. In history of automobile industry, American automobile industry for first time mass-produced automobiles through assembly line production, defeating Europe, where automobiles were invented. Later, due to rapid growth of Japanese cars, long-standing status of United States as largest car-producing country was once taken over by Japanese.
After decades of evolution in global automotive industry, so-called "6 + 3" competition model has basically formed: "6" refers to six main automotive groups - General Motors, Ford, Daimler. Chrysler, Toyota, Volkswagen, Renault-Nissan; The annual output of above six major automobile groups is basically over 4 million, and their products account for over 80% of world's automobile production. It can be seen that proportion of American cars in world.
Outstanding features of American cars: Distinctive features of American cars are high power, heavy weight, but good acceleration performance, safety and quietness, large and comfortable body. Due to vastness of United States, highways run in all directions, condition of roads is good, and Americans are accustomed to long-distance travel.riders. Thus, conventional American car has characteristics of high power, very good acceleration performance, high torque at low speed, and high power at high speed. It is worth noting that promotion of safety and quietness is another feature of American cars. The safety standards of automobiles in United States were highest in world: steel plates of automobiles are relatively thick, weight of body is large, and shape is strong. For example, a large number of safety technologies such as airbags and TCS (traction control system) were invented or popularized by three major American automobile companies (General Motors, Ford and Chrysler). Another feature of American cars is spacious interior. The spacious interior has a lot of space, and overhead seats are wide, so that ride does not feel oppressive. In addition, ergonomic seat design reduces driver fatigue.
Famous American car brands:
GMC: is owned by General Motors Group. The GMC brand is owned by General Motors (GM), one of top three auto companies in United States, which mainly produces luxury business class minivans, large SUVs and pickup trucks.
Ford: Founded in 1903 and headquartered in Michigan, USA, its founder is Henry Ford. Ford Motor Company is one of three largest automobile companies in United States.
Chrysler: Founded in 1922 and headquartered in Michigan, USA, its founder is Walter Chrysler. Chrysler is currently one of three largest automotive companies in United States.
Chevrolet: Founded in 1911, it is currently owned by General Motors of USA. Its founders are William Duran and Louis Chevrolet. Chevrolet has a wide range of models and is a very international and popular brand.
Buick: Founded in 1904, company is now owned by General Motors Corporation in United States. Its founder is David Dunbar Buick.
Cadillac (Cadillac): Founded in 1902, it is now a luxury brand owned by General Motors in United States. Its founder is Henry Leland. For a long time Cadillac was considered luxury car of benchmark of United States.
LINCOLN: Founded in 1917, it is now a luxury marque of American company Ford. Its founder is Henry Leland. The trademark is named after late US President Abraham Lincoln. Name her.The
Dodge: brand was founded in 1914 and is currently owned by Chrysler Motor Company of United States. Its founders are brothers John Dodge and Howard Dodge. Known for its popularity and popularity, Viper is a famous Dodge model.
JEEP: The world's first Jeep SUV was born in 1941, when it was produced for combat needs of US military during World War II, and its creator was American company Willis. , today's JEEP is owned by Chrysler Corporation of United States.
Rossion: The company was founded around 2000 and is headquartered in Florida, USA. R&D and production, her notable models include Rossion Q1.
Global Industry Status: Japan is one of top three car manufacturing countries and is firmly in world's leading position in automotive and technology. Japan has some of world's most famous brands. For example, world famous Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Daihatsu, Fuso, Hino, Mazda, Lexus, etc. are Japan's most famous exports. What's more, Japanese auto parts can be found in cars made on six continents. It is worth noting that automotive-related manufacturing industry accounts for 89% of transportation machinery industry, Japan's largest manufacturing industry. Auto parts and automobiles accounted for 18% of all manufacturing shipments in Japan.
Historically, before World War II, Japanese automobile industry was in its infancy. During this period, Japanese began to produce cars, Japanese began to realize importance of automobile industry and introduced a policy of supporting it. In 1936, Automobile Industry Law officially came into force in Japan, and prelude to actual localization of Japanese cars began. Before World War II, Japanese auto industry followed suit in Europe and United States, and most models were imitations. In 1914, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries produced 22 Modal A cars, becoming first mass-produced car in Japanese history. The appearance of Model A is borrowed from Fiat A3-3.
Japan's automotive industry began with Yoshida Shintaro. In 1904, he founded Japan's first automobile factory, Tokyo Automobile Works (now Isuzu Motors Corporation). Three years later, he produced first domestic gasoline car Taikoo Li No. . 1" ". In 1967, Japan overtook Germany to become second largest car manufacturer, and domestic car sales exceeded one million for first time.
It is worth noting that oil crisis of 1970s severely hurt European and American car manufacturers, but greatly benefited Japanese auto companies that favored small cars. Japanese cars were forced into world car scene, especially after oil crisis, some families in United States could not bear high fuel costs, so they chose Japanese cars instead of large displacement American cars. In Europe, they focused on energy saving and emission reduction, and Japanese cars re-entered European market. , becoming leader of global automotive giant.
Toyota, Honda and Nissan are among top three domestic automakers in Japan. The largest is Toyota, leading automobile company in world.
The Japanese company Denso (Denso) is largest manufacturer of auto parts in Japan and world leader. Among specialties are electronic systems and force control modulesth unit. Other top Japanese Tier 1 suppliers in world include large companies such as Aisin Seiki, Yazaki, JTEKT and Hitachi Automotive Systems.
It is worth noting that Japanese auto companies annually invest more than 2 trillion yen (18 billion US dollars) in automotive research and development, which is about 21% of Japan's total R&D spending.
Outstanding features of Japanese cars. The most important features of Japanese cars are fuel economy, stable quality and comfort. They have few major and minor flaws, durability and value retention are relatively good, and maintenance and spare parts costs are relatively low, so it has a global first-line status today.
Japanese cars started out as cheap small to medium sized cars, and that's their main strength. Japanese cars are thoughtful and meticulous, endowed with unique subtle and subtle features, even when doing painstaking work for customers. In terms of technology, Japanese cars are often pioneers, especially in development of electronic systems and engines. The average replacement cycle of Japanese models is about four years, but in terms of efficiency, it ranks first in world, Japanese cars are in an endless stream, which makes them very new and trendy. It is true that durability of Japanese-made cars is not as good as that of European German cars, but in terms of error rate of new cars, no one can match them. Compared to European cars, it is unpretentious and secretive. Executive models of Japanese cars: Corolla, Camry, Accord, Fit, CRV, Yuet, Rena, March.
Famous Japanese car brands:
Toyota: Founded in 1933, one of ten largest automobile companies in world, is a Japanese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, and Bunkyo District, Tokyo. Mitsui Zaibatsu. The early Toyota, Crown, Guangguan and Corolla cars have been famous for a while, and recent luxury cars Cressida and Lexus are also very famous.
Honda: The full name of Honda Motor Company is "Honda Giken Industry Co., Ltd". Its predecessor is Honda Technology Research Institute, founded in September 1948. The founder is legendary Soichiro Honda. It is largest motorcycle manufacturer in world. At same time, production and scale of automobiles are also among top ten largest automobile manufacturers in world. Honda's control mode is very flexible. The United States-originated Honda subsidiary surpassed Chrysler in 1991 for third place in US market. Honda Accord and Civic cars have been rated by users for many years as highest quality and most popular cars.
Nissan: Nissan Motor Corporation is second largest automobile company in Japan and one of ten largest automobile companies in world. Founded in 1933. For decades, Nissan technologies and products have been loved by consumers around world.
Global Industry Status: France is a world-renowned center for automotive industry. France is second largest car manufacturer in Europe and one of pillars of global automotive industry. According to statistics, working population employed in automotive industry once exceeded 2.5 million people. There are 13 automakers in France, including two local companies: Peugeot-Citroen Group and Renault Group, as well as foreign manufacturers such as Volkswagen, Ford, Fiat, DaimlerChrysler, Toyota, BMW and Nissan. The automotive market is dominated by local French automakers.
Back in 1769, with support of government, Junio, a technical officer of French army, successfully tested world's first steam engine of practical value, which caused a rapid growth in research and production of automobiles throughout world. However, French Revolution that followed interrupted French automotive research for decades. Until 1828, Pekar, director of Paris Technical School, made a steam-powered car. Its original differential and independent suspension technology is still used today. global automotive industry.
The first gasoline car appeared in France in 1890. It was produced by Peugeot, founded by Armand Peugeot. Prior to First World War, Peugeot's annual production reached 12,000 cars. Nissan produced 400 cars in 1928, a third of all car production in France. Another large automobile plant, Renault Motor Company, founded in 1898, also developed rapidly. In 1914, it formed a large-scale production. Renault brought together many small car companies. In 1975, annual production of cars exceeded 1.5 million, becoming largest car manufacturer in France.
Peugeot Automobile Company's production also increased more than tenfold in 20 post-war years, and it became second largest automobile company in France. In 1980s, it surpassed Renault to take first place. The two largest French automakers are relatively dependent on European market: 61% of Peugeot Citroen's sales are in Europe, while Renault Group's share is 53%. The Citroen car company was acquired by Peugeot car company in 1976 due to mismanagement and became symbol of Citroen car company.
In 1980s, global economic crisis had a certain impact on French automotive industry. In 2012, largest French car manufacturer Peugeot-Citroen Group announced a new restructuring plan. In 2005, Renault sold all of its shares to Nissan Diesel. Renault completed a reorganization over a decade ago, closing its local manufacturing plants, focusing on low-cost Dacia brand in Eastern Europe, keeping Renault's small carsin European market and sharing profits in emerging markets, especially China, through an alliance with Japanese Nissan.
Outstanding features of French cars: The common feature of French cars is that their body is small and design is new, which is in line with trend of popularity, so they have become popular family cars. in Western Europe Miniature Renault "Beauty Line" The car has won first place in sales in Europe many times. But in field of luxury cars and sports cars, French car companies are not as good as car companies in US, Germany, Japan, etc. This is undoubtedly a pity for French car industry. Less polluting vehicles are gaining popularity in France, according to data released by French Environment and Energy Control Agency. Because as environmental awareness of French grows, French prefer cars with less pollution more and more. Back in 2006, low pollution cars sold in France accounted for 47%, which is half of French market .
It is worth noting that more environmentally friendly cars are sold in France. Statistics show that sedans with emissions between 161 and 250 grams account for only a quarter of market share, a drop of 7 percentage points in five years, and sales of 4×4 SUVs have declined for first time since 1995. . France has a market share of 71% for diesel vehicles, lower than Portugal, Spain and Italy and once ranked fourth in EU.
Famous French car brand:
Renault: is one of oldest car companies in world. Renault is second largest automobile company in France. Renault is second largest automotive company in France, whose main products are Renault cars, company cars and sports cars. Renault is one of most exported vehicles to Germany and its quality and reliability are also considered first class. Renault owns a 44.3% stake in Japanese Nissan, forming Renault-Nissan Alliance. Renault also owns Samsung Motors (now Renault Samsung) and Dacia, including a 20 percent stake in Volvo Trucks.
Citroen Citroen: The Citroen Automobile Company is third largest automobile company in France, founded in 1915 by André Citroen. It is worth noting that already in 1920, Citroen won title of "economy champion" in car race held in Le Mans, France, which made Citroen widely known. Citroen at one time organized two trips to African continent and Asian continent, which made Citroen cars famous. The French are cheerful by nature, love to follow fashion, love novelty and beauty, and Citroen car demonstrates this character of France.
Peugeot Peugeot: Peugeot is third largest automobile company in Europe, founded in 1976 by Citroen Automobile Company. In 1848, Armand Bijoux family established a factory in Paris, France that mainly produced saws, springs and gears. It is worth noting that Peugeot has good results in World Rally Championship, especially Peugeot 504 (an all-wheel drive version of Peugeot 205 with a turbocharger) and Peugeot 206. The Peugeot 206 rally car made a splash in World Rally Championship, beating previous champions - Subaru Impreza, Ford Focus and Mitsubishi for leadership.
The forerunner of Peugeot Motor Company was a small workshop for production of metal tools such as saws and springs, opened by Pierre brothers of Peugeot family in early 19th century.
Global Industry Status. The UK has historically been a world leader in automotive industry. The British automotive industry has a long history of development. Since invention of automobile for more than 100 years, British automobile has always been considered epitome of highest automotive craftsmanship and most perfect embodiment of words taste, value, luxury. and elegance in cars. Experience and vision give UK a unique advantage in development of core automotive technology.
The UK is at forefront of research and development in racing industry, and British automotive industry has won favor of a large number of Formula 1 racing teams around world. There used to be 11 Formula One (called F1) racing teams, 8 based in UK. The UK is home to world's largest racing industry cluster.
There used to be 4,500 companies in British racing industry, and Racing Valley alone employs over 25,000 world-class engineers. And more than 15 UK universities have created relevant specialties and courses in race engineering, creating a rich pool of research and development personnel for British racing industry. It can be said that British investment in R&D in racing industry is beyond imagination. According to statistics from British Automobile Industry Council, 30% of turnover of 4,500 motorsport engineering companies in British racing industry will be used for research and development. As a key part of British automotive industry, motorsport once generated US$5 billion in annual revenue for British economy.
It is worth noting that UK is absolute leader in production of engines and systems. As center of global automotive engine research and development, UK has always supported world-leading powertrain designs, especially in engine design. As early as 2013, engines made in UK once accounted for 30% of total engine production in Europe, of which 62% were exported to over 100 countries. Manufacturing technology and professional engine research expertise has become one of main supporting technologies of British automotive industry. For example, world-famous car brands such as BMW, Cummins, Ford, Jaguar Land Rover, etc. major research and development or engine manufacturing bases in UK. A large number of world's leading engine manufacturers have gathered in UK and, relying on strong local technical strength, they have developed advanced engines suitable for various industries using various professional technologies.
For example, in Veli1.5 million Ford engines were produced in UK, which is one third of total Ford engine production. Honda, Toyota and Nissan together produce over 600,000 engines a year in UK.
The UK's car production capacity is very strong. Back in 2013, a new car was produced in UK every 20 seconds, and 77% of production was exported to other parts of world, according to Association of British Automobile Manufacturers and Traders. The level of car production in UK also attracts leading manufacturers from all over world. 19 of world's top 20 auto parts manufacturers have production bases in UK.
The British automotive industry's cutting-edge technological heritage, unique British design and cutting-edge handcrafted manufacturing techniques have attracted many high-end luxury brands to establish their manufacturing bases in UK. The design-driven British automotive industry has a long history of automotive design and relatively independently provides a full range of services for British vehicles from concept design to limited edition production. Iconic UK-designed cars include famous Aston Martin DB9, McLaren F1, Range Rover and many more. World renowned design schools laid foundation for British automotive design. For example, British Academy of Arts, which has been designing cars for 40 years, has become a world leader in education and research in field of car design. Coventry University is known worldwide for its 30 years of rich experience and wealth of world's best designers.
Outstanding features of British cars. British car brands have a long history and elegant forms. British cars have made an outstanding contribution to development of world automotive technology. The UK has a very large number of car brands: Jaguar, Land Rover (JLR), mini, Rolls, Bentley, McLaren, Aston Martin, Lotus, Caterham, Morgan, TVR, Noble, Arial and Radical. Vauxhall and MG are native British brands, but they are practically zero in terms of model inheritance due to their positioning as civilian vehicles. JLR, Rolls, Bentley, Morgan and MINI are hallmarks of British automotive concepts around world. Their products are versatile but give many people a sense of distance.
British cars are attractive in their own way. In more than 100 years since invention of automobile, British cars have always been regarded as ultimate expression of automotive craftsmanship, taste, value, luxury and elegance. The county of Crewe, England, still maintains traditional art of car making and is always assembled by hand by skilled craftsmen. Most of craftsmen have more than 30 years of rich experience, and manufacturing technology of avcars were passed down from generation to generation. In Longbridge, England, MG-Rover, century-old godfather of British automotive industry, still carries on its enduring British temperament. Someone once said, “If you buy a Japanese car, you are buying a tool; if you choose a German car, you buy a car; but if you have a British car, you have art." on one hand spirit of matter exists in machine.
British cars have a long history, and great brands such as Rolls-Royce, Bentley and other brands have been making cars for over a hundred years. These brands of cars have always been in minds of people best of family of cars and are known as "Pearl of Crown of King of England." In order to keep golden content, Rolls-Royce has always insisted on hand-made production, aiming only for quality, not quantity. Although assembly line is in use today, its annual production is still limited to approximately 2,000 vehicles. Since its inception, Rolls-Royce has made it its mission to serve minority in upper class, which has defined its brand and identity.
Aston Martin is also a classic among British sedans. Aston Martin lags behind Rolls-Royce and Bentley in UK car value rankings. MG-ROVER in UK is also most valuable car company in UK. At moment, MG has a 100-year history. Although MG car was born 18 years later than earliest four-wheeled car, its starting point was very high and many important elements of car were applied to car. >Chassis. As a high-end sedan, MG sedan set very good sales records in late 1980s, with sales in Europe twice that of Mercedes-Benz.
In addition to high-end cars, there are many economical hard-leather cars in UK. For example, 1956 British Motor Company (BMC) Mini is his model. When Mini came out, people were surprised to see that 3.9 meter long Mini could fit 4 suitable seats. Today, economical Mini cars have become popular all over world.
British cars tend to have a simple, elegant, sleek and luxurious appearance, exuding a strong and soft British neoclassical vibe throughout.
Rolls-Royce: Rolls-Royce (Rolls-Royce) - world's largest manufacturer of superluxury cars, founded in England in 1906, founders of company - Frederick Henry Royce (Henry Rice) and Charles Stewart Rolls (Charlie Rolls). Cars produced by Rolls-Royce are outstanding representatives of high-end cars and are famous all over world for their luxury. In addition to making automobiles, Rolls-Royce also makes aircraft engines and is world's top manufacturer of engines.engines. Rolls-Royce engines are used on famous Boeing airliner.
Aston Martin: The world famous British luxury car and sports car company. The company was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford in Newport, England. In 1987, company was acquired by American Ford. In 1994, Aston Martin became a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company. In addition to providing financial guarantees, Ford has also provided Ford technology, global manufacturing and supply systems, and support for development and development of new products, making this jewel of luxury sports cars shine with captivating charm.
Bentley: Bentley Motors Limited (Bentley Motors Limited) is a world-renowned luxury car manufacturer headquartered in Crewe, United Kingdom. On January 18, 1919, company was founded by Walter Owen Bentley. During First World War, Bentley was famous for production of aircraft engines, and after war, turned to development and production of automotive products. In 1931 Bentley was acquired by Rolls-Royce and in 1998 both were bought by German Volkswagen group; in August of that year, BMW acquired right to use Rolls-Royce trademark for US$68 million. both sides gradually weakened. In a long history of almost a century, Bentley brand continues to shine brightly, constantly showing world noble, elegant and quality cars with exquisite craftsmanship.
Land Rover: Land Rover is one of world's leading 4x4 vehicle manufacturers and a renowned British brand. Perhaps that is why Land Rover's values of adventure, courage and dignity shine through in its vehicles. It is worth noting that in 2008, Indian Tata Group acquired Land Rover brand from Ford for $2.3 billion. Land Rover is known worldwide for its 4WD vehicles: since its inception, company has strived to provide its drivers with an ever-improving 4WD driving experience. In field of all-wheel drive, Land Rover not only has cutting-edge core technology, but is also enthusiastic about all-wheel drive: it is recognized worldwide as a respected innovator in field of all-wheel drive.
Rover: famous British car manufacturers and brands such as Jaguar, Mini, Bentley, Rolls-Royce, Vauxhall and last surviving British car industry, Rover (MG-ROVER). .
In 1904, world's first 8-horsepower car with a central landing gear was born in Rover. Rover Mascot (mascot) of most famous homeless in world - a pun on Vikings.
MG: is a renowned British automotive brand known for producing famous MG series roadsters. MG sports cars have always been known for their unique design, fine workmanship and great performance. The MG brand is loved by British celebrities andIt was chosen as prime minister's car, once a luxury SUV for British royal family and an exclusive seat for Pope. It's worth noting that MG's father is William Morris, a bicycle repairman in Worcester, England, who started out at £4 and founded Morris Garages (MG for short) in 1910. Ten years later, he moved from a car dealership to manufacturing and research and development. In 1920, first Morris car was built in small town of Cowley. Clinging to his dream of becoming an automobile manufacturer, William Morris was once honored with title of Lord Norfield.
Jaguar. World famous luxury car manufacturer in UK. Its logo is an image of a jaguar jumping forward. Power. It not only represents name of company, but also shows strength and speed of running forward, symbolizing that car is racing around world like a jaguar. The global luxury car brand Jaguar has been highly respected by British royal family since its inception.
MINI: MINI is a world famous brand of luxury small cars, part of BMW Group, founded in 1959. Compact form, spacious interior, classic have been predetermined since first MINI. Half a century later, soul of MINI remains same.
Lotus: World famous sports car manufacturer. Founded in 1951 by British Lotus Motor Company, Lotus Motors is a very strong competitor in global motor racing arena and has won world championships many times. From 1963 to 1978, Lotus Motors won World Best Small Passenger Car Award 7 times in a row. In 1991, Lotus Elan received "World's Best Car Design" award. It is worth noting that Lotus Motors is one of first manufacturers to use high-strength plastic in car bodies. The molding process they use, resin vacuum injection process, can mold body of two parts, upper and lower, and finally combine them into one, which not only ensures high production efficiency. And strength of body is greatly increased, which has no analogues in world.
Global industry status. Italy is one of countries with highest car ownership rate in world, with 62 cars per 100 inhabitants. Among 27 EU countries, Italy ranks second in terms of number of cars per capita. In 1899, Agnelli founded Fiat automobile company in Turin, a city in northwestern Italy, which monopolized over 90% of total annual production of cars in Italy, which is a rarity in global automotive industry.
Italian automotive design has a leading position in world and has a group of automotive design masters recognized throughout world. The latest concept cars, presented by design companies such as Pininfarina, Giugiaro and Broadcom, represent latest trends in design world in terms of design concepts and design methods, and express aspiration and value in an innovative and accurate way.
The Italian automotive industry has Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, Maserati, Lancia, Lamborghini and other world famous automotive brands and has made great strides in sports and racing cars. The Turin Automotive Industrial Park is one of most important centers of global automotive industry. The area has countless sheet metal stamping artisans with excellent technical traditions, as well as large and small workshops that have long been engaged in automotive design and can provide world-class design, development, prototype production and other services. services.
There is only one major car manufacturer in Italy: Fiat group, which includes Fiat, Lancia, Ferrari (operating independently), Maserati and Afar Romeo. In 1969, Fiat merged Lancia car factory and acquired a 50% stake in Ferrari Depot, bringing Ferrari, world's No. 1 sports car brand, under its own umbrella.
Prominent features of Italian cars: Italy is known as "Birthplace of sports cars". The birthplace of many world-famous automobile brands, Italian automobile industry claims to be a school, Italian automobile France coexists with elegance and passion, elegant atmosphere and sophistication, leaving a very deep impression on people. Italy is especially bold, sexy, free and light, it attracts customers with its execution and appearance, especially when designing without restrictions of other objective conditions. For Italian cars, even without "Made in Italy" label, you can still find invisible "Made in Italy" brand in details.
Famous Italian car brand:
Ferrari: World renowned manufacturer of racing and sports cars. Founded in 1947, its founder is world champion racer and epoch-making automobile designer Enzo Ferrari. Ferrari has a high status in automotive circles, and even professional automotive critics believe that no sports car can match Ferrari. The biggest feature of Ferrari sports and racing cars is their high power. Each sports car is equipped with a racing engine with a maximum speed of 7,000 to 10,000 rpm, over 500 horsepower and a top speed of over 300 kilometers per hour. It can be said that eachThe Ferrari car can be called a beautiful work of art.
Maserati: An internationally renowned Italian luxury car manufacturer founded in Bologna on December 1, 1914. Maserati is an Italian company that has been producing many legendary racing and sports cars for over 70 years. A brand that captivates with its virtuosity and originality of thought. Maserati World is about extraordinary sophistication, timeless style and intense emotions. Maserati cars have always been a symbol of perfect fusion of noble quality and sporting spirit.
Lamborghini: The world famous Italian car manufacturer, world's best sports car manufacturer and one of European symbols of luxury, was founded in 1963 by Ferruccio Lamborghini. Due to poor management in early days, Lamborghini went bankrupt in 1980, after several changes of ownership, it was taken over by Audi in 1998 and is now one of brands of Volkswagen Group.
Alfa Romeo. Founded in 1910, renowned Italian car and sports car manufacturer is headquartered in Milan. And Alfa Romeo's famous "snake in shape of a man-eating dragon" logo, this name adds a bit of irresistible sexual tension. In 1910, when Alfa Romeo was founded, founder combined logos of two cities of Milan and created a logo that has become one of most famous logos in automotive industry.
Fiat Automobile Company: world famous Italian automobile company. Founded in Turin, Italy in 1899, it has over 100 years of history and is world's first miniature car manufacturer. Today, Fiat Automobile is one of ten largest automotive companies in world, as well as most important center for production of automobiles and largest group of private enterprises in Italy. His automotive sector mainly includes Fiat, Ferrari, Alfa and Lancia, while his automotive engineering company includes Iveco.
Pagani: The world-famous Italian supercar manufacturer, founder of company is Horacio Pagani. Supercars made by Pagani are world renowned for their extreme performance, exquisite handcraft, high prices and rare production orders.
Lancia. LANCIA is one of brands of Fiat group, which mainly produces Lancia luxury cars. The well-known Italian brand with a long history occupies an important place in global luxury car market. Lancia in eyes of many motorists means a healthy and progressive quality of life, it is a car with a rather aristocratic temperament. Satisfying needs of drivers and passengers, relaxed driving, elegant style and advanced technology are all Lancia's endless goals. The Lancia has always been official car of Italian government and President and Prime Minister of Italy also use Lancia.
Seven, South Korea
Global Industry Status. South Korea is world automotive center. From its founding to present, South Korean automobile industry has grown from zero, from weak to strong, completed course of more than 100 years of development in developed countries in less than 60 years, and has become a major automobile manufacturer in world today. It can be said that its achievements attracted attention of whole world. South Korea has become world's fifth largest car manufacturer and sixth largest car exporter. South Korea's top five automakers include Hyundai Motor, Kia Motors, General Motors Korea, Ssangyong Motors and Renault Samsung Motors.
It is worth noting that Korean automobile industry was born in early 1960s, a few years later than ours, but over 40 years of development, Korean automobile industry has become a rising star in global automotive industry. The Korean auto industry has adopted technology from beginning, then absorbed and digested itself, and then entered innovation stage, and has now embarked on development of independent design and development. Independently developed and designed models and main auto parts, created domestic brands such as Hyundai, Kia, Daewoo and Ssangyong, and greatly improved reputation of Korean cars in international auto industry. Reputation.
It is worth noting that South Korean automotive industry and related research departments believe that overall technical quality level of South Korean vehicles is equivalent to 90-95% of technical level of Japan, an advanced automobile manufacturing country.
Outstanding features of Korean cars: Korean cars combine technology of European and American automobile kingdoms, and then adopt style of Japanese cars, which are free and light, stable and elegant. Korean cars are more beautiful in appearance and brighter in color. It has a sense of movement, and there are also opinions that Japanese cars are of good quality and low fuel consumption; German cars are well textured and tall; American cars are highly equipped and powerful. Only Korean cars don't have any outstanding features. The mechanics are not as good as in European cars, and engine is not as refined as in Japanese cars. Of course, an opinion is an opinion.
Famous Korean car brands:
Hyundai: Established in 1947, a Korean car brand that mainly produces SUVs and general family cars. The Hyundai Motor Company logo is a slanted H inside an oval. The ellipse represents earth, which means that Hyundai Motor uses entire world as a stage to manage its global business. The slanted letter H is first letter of HYUNDAIin English Hyundai Motor Company, at same time, it is a visual artistic expression of two people's handshake, symbolizing mutual trust and support between Hyundai Motor Company and customers! The ellipse not only represents steering wheel of a car, but can also be thought of as ground. The combination of these two elements means that there are modern cars all over world.
Kia is first car manufacturer in Korea. In 2000, it merged with Hyundai Group to form Hyundai-Kia Motors Group. Hyundai-Kia Motors Group is fifth largest automaker in world by production volume.
Ssangyong: Ssangyong Motor Corporation is a subsidiary of South Korean Ssangyong Group. It is a well-known automobile manufacturer, mainly producing four-wheel drive vehicles, as well as large passenger cars, special vehicles, light engines and spare parts. Its predecessor was Dong-A Motor Corporation founded in 1954. Ssangyong Motors started from production of 4x4 SUVs and special vehicles, and then developed into a comprehensive automobile manufacturing enterprise through a joint venture with Germany's Mercedes-Benz Motors Corporation to introduce advanced technology.
Renault Samsung Motors.Renault Samsung Motors is a South Korean automobile manufacturer headquartered in Banlai-dong, downtown Seoul. Another manufacturing facility is located in Gangso-gu, Busan. The Design Center and Research Institute is located in Yonglong, Gyeonggi-do, Ren City. Renault Samsung Motors is a member of Korea Automotive Industry Association.
Daewoo: Daewoo is an automotive company founded by Jin Yuzhong in 1967. It is main enterprise of South Korean Daewoo Group, using Daewoo trademark in form of earth and flowers.
Global Industry Status: Spain is world's seventh largest car manufacturer and was previously third largest car manufacturer in European Union. There were 11 automakers in world that opened factories in Spain. It mainly produces various models of cars and trucks. It is worth noting that automotive industry The automotive industry is one of main industries in Spain.
Spain's automotive industry was basically born at same time as ours. Through industrial cluster effect formed by foreign investment, it has become representative of a country with a growing automotive industry. Compared to Germany, France, Italy, and other major car manufacturing countries, Spain has a relatively short history of car production that dates back to 1950s after end of World War II. In 1960, less than 60,000 cars were produced in Spain. However, Spanish automotive industry developed rapidly. With implementation of market opening policies and increased competition in domestic market after 1980s, when only state-owned automobile company in Spain, Seat Automobile Co., Ltd. technical cooperation and share transfer with Volkswagen AG. The Spanish automobile industry began to be controlled by foreign capital. World famous car manufacturers such as Renault, Volkswagen, Peugeot-Citroen Group, Mercedes-Benz, Fiat, General Motors, Ford and Nissan and other companies have opened branches in Spain.
In early 1990s, Spain's automotive industry was largely controlled by international multinational automotive companies. But in this way, Spain became world's largest car manufacturing country. In 1998, Spain produced 2.83 million cars and became fifth largest car manufacturer in world after USA, Japan, Germany and France, and in 2002 Spain ranked seventh in world in car production. Today, automotive industry has become a major industry in Spain, with export of vehicles and parts accounting for over 25% of Spain's total exports, making it Spain's largest export product.
Seven major automotive production bases in Spain, including Volkswagen base in Barcelona, the Ford Motor Company base in Valencia, General Motors base in Zarangocha, and Viagra (VIGO) base of Peugeot-Citroen Automobile Company. It is thanks to relative concentration of automobile production that Spanish automobile industry can become one of largest car manufacturing countries in world in a relatively short period of time.
Outstanding features of Spanish cars.Spain has also made a very large contribution to European automotive industry. Spanish car in style of an exotic uniconic design. Among them, “passion”, “adventure” and “perseverance” are three adjectives that best describe Spaniards. Of course, words in people’s minds should also include: Zara, Real Madrid, Barcelona, tapas, Iberian ham. and raw seafood flour.
Famous Spanish car brands:
SEAT: Spain's largest car company, founded in Barcelona in 1950. It is now a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG in Germany. The new SEAT brand logo was unveiled at 2012 Paris International Motor Show. Under leadership of nationalization, SEAT played a key role in process of industrialization of Spain and even dominated development of entire Spanish automotive industry. After joining German automotive group Volkswagen / Audi, it became one of largest international automobile factories.
Picasso: The Picasso has a displacement of 1587-1997 cc and debuted at Paris International Motor Show in October 1998. The place of origin is Europe, and theoretical fuel consumption is 6.8 liters per 100 kilometers.
Global Industry Status. The Netherlands is European automotive hub. The automotive industry is one of main manufacturing industries in Netherlands, providing design and manufacture of systems, components and materials for major manufacturers around world, including major car manufacturers such as BMW, DaimlerChrysler, General Motors, PSA and Volkswagen dealers, as well as leading brands such as Maserati, Lamborghini, Bentley and Ferrari.
The famous car brand Spyker in Netherlands was born in 1880 and has enjoyed a high reputation in wagon industry from very beginning. In 1898 he collaborated with Karl Benz to produce Spyker-Benz automobile. In same year, Spyker was loved by princes and nobles worldwide, including Dutch royal family, as it successfully produced a golden ceremonial carriage for coronation of Queen Wilhelmina of Netherlands, and also continued to manufacture royal cars for royal family. Orders poured in, and he was once known as "Rolls-Royce of Europe."
At 1907 Paris Rally, Spyker took second place. Spiker used his legendary experience in aircraft engineering to produce cars that were not only popular with nobility, but also won awards in many endurance races. And they also set new heights in field of mechanical engineering, creating world's first car with a six-cylinder engine, first four-wheel drive car and first car with four-wheel brakes. As an old factory with over a century of history, Spyker has always maintained brand's unique style. All sports cars they produce are hand built and many of performances are F1 compliant. As a well-known manufacturer of luxury extreme sports cars, Spyker produces noble sports cars that are fully customized to needs of customers.
Outstanding features of Holland cars: Judging by brand of Holland Spyker cars, exterior design of Holland cars is very noble and original. Spyker manufactures world's most advanced sports cars with unique designs. And this old factory with more than a century of history has always maintained unique style of brand. All sports cars they produce are hand-built and have unique, lightweight bodies. Unconventional shapes and cabs that combine classic and futuristic elements are typical of Dutch cars, but each comes with a hefty price tag.
Famous Dutch car brand
Skyjack: Spyker is most famous car brand in Netherlands. The brand was founded in 1880. As a renowned luxury sports car manufacturer, sports cars are all handcrafted, with lightweight bodies, large displacement mid-engines, rear-wheel drive and many F1-standard performance with amazing performance.
Vencer Cars. Vencer is a niche Dutch manufacturer of expensive and powerful sports cars founded in 2010 by Robert Cobben. Vencer is dedicated to creating rare custom supercars for passionate enthusiasts.
DAF Automobile:DAF Automobile, also known as DAF Automobile, is a manufacturer of acars in Netherlands. DAF has factories in Eindhoven, Netherlands and Vestero, Belgium, as well as 1,000 dealers and service centers. .
Donkervoort Motors. Donkervoort Automobielen BV is a hand-built manufacturer of genuine ultra-light sports cars based in Lelystad, The Netherlands. An automotive brand founded in 1978 by Joop Donkervoort.
Vandenbrink Cars: Vandenbrink Design is a luxury car design company led by I.R., a private company founded in 2006, this company added to classic sixties 250GTO Modern elements.
Global industry status: Sweden is a well-known European developed country. There are many brands in Sweden. For example, world-famous Ericsson, IKEA, Electrolux appliances, Hasselblad cameras, H&M clothing, Absolut Vodka, SKF, Tetra Pak... In automotive industry, there are Volvo cars, Koenigsegg sports cars, Saab cars, Cania Motors, etc. The number of brands is incredible, but Sweden is country with most multinational companies in world as a percentage of population. As a Scandinavian country, Sweden has a total area of approximately 450,000 square kilometers and is largest country in Northern Europe. Due to cold climate in Sweden all year round, share of agriculture is small, but industry is very developed. Sweden has its own aviation industry, automotive industry, military industry and other manufacturing industries. Among them, most famous is Swedish automobile industry, and Swedish automobile industry relies on only four automobile brands so that world can realize strength of Swedish automobile industry.
Prominent features of Swedish cars: Swedish cars are just like Swedes, punctual, honest, reliable, clean and tidy. All because of nature of Swedes. Therefore, appearance, performance and various designs of Swedish cars are very Swedish. The most representative among them is Volvo brand, which has inherited all Swedish traits: solemn, discreet, discreet, safe and environmentally friendly, giving people a complete sense of trust. Sweden's major automotive brands Volvo, Saab and CCR Koenigsell have been fighting for more than half a century for their unconventional design, innovative technology, driving comfort and outstanding safety performance in developing these brands, earning a reputation within.
Famous Swedish car brand:
Volvo: The world famous Swedish car brand Volvo, as a famous Swedish luxury car brand, was first founded in Gothenburg, Sweden in 1927. The word Volvo, originally Latin, means "rolling". to "forward" side. Its founders are Gustav Larsson and Asa Gebrisen, both of whom worked for SKF, a well-known Swedish ball bearing manufacturer.
Koenigsegg: The world's premier supercar brand has captured attention of car enthusiasts from moment it was born to its limits. Koenigsegg was founded in 1994 by Krettin van Koenigsegg near Angelholm in southern Sweden. The word Koenigsegg in English means "blade". As a Swedish royal color supercar brand, Koenigsegg uses same logo as Royal Swedish Air Force,
Scania: is one of Swedish truck and bus manufacturers founded in 1891 in Malmö in southern Sweden. As one of world's leading manufacturersits heavy trucks and buses, Scania models are sold in more than 100 countries and regions around world, and thanks to its technologically advanced modular system, company has become most profitable company in commercial vehicle industry.
Saab: Saab was formed from merger of Scania Motor Company and Swedish Aircraft Co., Ltd. The Swedish abbreviation for original aviation company was SAAB. Many of Saab's innovative technologies have become global industry standards. Many modern car engines use turbocharging technology, and engine turbocharging technology is Saab's first technology. Saab is first manufacturer to use aircraft-derived turbochargers in cars. The turbocharger equipped with Saab series engine plays an important role in power of car, greatly improving power and performance of car's engine, so that driver can fully experience driving pleasure and pleasure of overtaking safely and quickly. It always keeps power, handling and precision of car at highest level.